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E960 - Steviol glycosides

Functions: Sweetener

Steviol glycosides are the chemical compounds responsible for the sweet taste of the leaves of the South American plant Stevia rebaudiana -Asteraceae- and the main ingredients -or precursors- of many sweeteners marketed under the generic name stevia and several trade names. They also occur in the related species Stevia phlebophylla -but in no other species of Stevia- and in the plant Rubus chingii -Rosaceae-.Steviol glycosides from Stevia rebaudiana have been reported to be between 30 and 320 times sweeter than sucrose, although there is some disagreement in the technical literature about these numbers. They are heat-stable, pH-stable, and do not ferment. Additionally, they do not induce a glycemic response when ingested, because humans can not metabolize stevia. This makes them attractive as natural sugar substitutes for diabetics and other people on carbohydrate-controlled diets. Steviol glycosides stimulate the insulin secretion through potentiation of the β-cell, preventing high blood glucose after a meal. The acceptable daily intake -ADI- for steviol glycosides, expressed as steviol equivalents, has been established to be 4 mg/kg body weight/day, and is based on no observed effects of a 100 fold higher dose in a rat study. - Wikipedia

EFSA evaluation: Scientific opinion on the safety of the extension of use of steviol glycosides -E 960- as a food additive (2015-06-30)

Moderate risk of over exposure
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has determined that some population groups have a moderate risk of reaching or exceeding the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) for E960 - Steviol glycosides.

To evaluate your exposure to the E960 - Steviol glycosides food additive, you can browse our list of products that contain it. See the list of products with E960 - Steviol glycosides below.

  < 11 to 23 to 910 to 1718 to 6465+
High risk
(50% of people or more)
Moderate risk
(5% of people or more)
 Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)    

Risk of reaching or exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) : Risk of reaching or exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)

Names: Glucosides de stéviol, stévioside, rébaudioside A, extrait de stévia, glycosides de stéviol, Stévioside, extrait de feuille de Stévia, Stévia

Autorisé en Europe depuis le 2 décembre 2011