The globe ARTICHOKE -Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus-, also known as French artichoke and green artichoke in the USA, is a variety of a species of thistle cultivated as a food. Leaves are often removed one at a time, and the fleshy base eaten, with hollandaise, vinegar, butter, mayonnaise, aioli, lemon juice, or other sauces. The fibrous upper part of each leaf is usually discarded. The heart is eaten when the inedible choke has been peeled away from the base and discarded. The thin leaves covering the choke are also edible.